Abay’s “Book of words” (Contrastive analyses)
Abay’s “Book of words”
Baiorazova Zhazira Kurmanalievna
A common man renowned for his cleverness is greater than a king who has been raised up by good fortune. A youth who sells his handiwork is worthier than an old man selling his beard.
My dear children, the solace of my heart! I have just written a few words on human actions. Read carefully and try to understand the meaning of these words, and your hearts will be full of love. Now, human love is inseparable from human reason, intelligence and loving kindness. The source of these virtues are the perfections that are bestowed on man from his birth: sound health and a beautiful appearance; the rest depends on the nobility of soul of one’s father and mother, on wise mentors and kind friends. Love engenders aspiration and understanding, while reason, intelligence and loving kindness kindle an interest in learning. [1:95] Search from Abay and Robert full and happy man. “I want you boys to avoid that trap. That is really what I want to teach you. Not just to be rich, because being rich does not solve the problem.”
“No, it doesn’t. Let me finish the other emotion, which is desire. Some call it greed, but I prefer desire. It is perfectly normal to desire something better, prettier, more fun or exciting. So people also work for money because of desire. They desire money for the joy they think it can buy. But the joy that money brings is often short lived, and they soon need more money for
more joy, more pleasure, more comfort, more security. So they keep working, thinking money will soothe their souls that is troubled by fear and desire. But money cannot do that.” “Even rich people?” Mike asked.
“Rich people included,” said rich dad. “In fact, the reason many rich people are rich is not because of desire but because of fear. They actually think that money can eliminate that fear of not having money, of being poor, so they amass tons of it only to find out the fear gets worse. They now fear losing it. I have friends who keep working even though they have plenty. I know people who have millions who are more afraid now than when they were poor. They’re terrified of losing all their money. The fears that drove them to get rich got worse. That weak and needy
part of their soul is actually screaming louder. They don’t want to lose the big houses, the cars, the high life that money has bought them. They worry about what their friends would say if they lost all their money. Many are emotionally desperate and neurotic, although they look rich and have more money.”
“Be truthful about your emotions, and use your mind and emotions in your favor, not against yourself.” Great civilizations collapsed when the gap between the haves and have nots was too great. America is on the same course, proving once again that history repeats itself, because we do not learn from history.
|These kind of assets am I suggesting that you or your children acquire? In my world, real assets fall into several different categories:||Those who seek learning should know certain essential conditions without which they cannot achieve their goal.|
|1. Businesses that do not require my presence. I own them, but they are managed or run by
other people. If I have to work there, it’s not a business. It becomes my job.
|Do not attempt to do so for the sake of profit. You should love learning for its own sake and strive for it. If you value knowledge as a supreme blessing, each new truth you uncover will bring peace and satisfaction to your soul. Memories well what is new to you, and you will feel the desire-for new quests, and a love of knowledge will be born in your heart. Then your memory will absorb whatever you have seen and heard.|
|You study with clear and noble aims, not to acquire learning so as to be able to argue with other people. Now, arguments within reason help to strengthen one’s convictions, but, excessive zeal for them can only spoil a man.|
|If you have succeeded in your pursuit of a truth, do not turn back from it even on pain of death. But if you are not convinced of your knowledge, do not imagine that someone else will appreciate it. If you do not value your own knowledge, how can you expect recognition from utter strangers?|
|4. Mutual funds.
|There are two tool that aid the acquisition of knowledge. One is mulakhaza [the subtle art of polemics] and the other, mukhafaza [firmness in defence of one’s views]. It is necessary to strive constantly to perfect these, for without them it is impossible to reinforce and develop your knowledge.|
|5. Income-generating real estate.
|I spoke previously of four harmful attitudes of mind, and among these we named careless sloth or idleness. My soul! I enjoin you, to beware of this evil! It is pernicious both for God and for man, both for reason and for honour. It is the arch enemy of everything! But there is no place for this evil where conscience resides.|
|6. Notes (louse).
|Human character is a vessel containing intelligence and knowledge. Develop your character therefore! By indulging in envy and frivolity, by allowing yourself to be influenced by the words of others and momentary passions, you may forfeit your strength of character. Learning will be of no avail if the vessel that receives your knowledge is not sound.
|7. Royalties from intellectual property such as music, scripts, patents.
|A child is not born a reasonable being. It is only by listening and watching, examining everything by touching and tasting, that it learns what is good and what is bad. The more a child sees and hears, the more it knows. One may learn a good deal by listening to wise men. It is not enough to be endowed with a brain—only by hearing and memorizing the teachings of the learnt and by avoiding vices one can grow up a complete person.|
|8. And anything else that has value, produces income or appreciates and has a ready market.
|To attain your goal and be faithful to your duty, you should foster constancy of purpose, determination and strong will, for these help preserve the sobriety of your reason and the purity of your conscience.
Everything should serve the cause of reason and honour.
For all the years I studied J and learned from him, he always reminded me that knowledge was power. And with money comes great power that requires the right knowledge to keep it and make it multiply. Without that knowledge, the world pushes you around. Human curiosity and a striving for knowledge give learning only commensurate with man’s reason.
But, above all, one should come to love Allah. It is known that Knowledge is one of the attributes of the Highest, and therefore a love of Knowledge is a sign of humanity and integrity.
Once people have studied and become financially literate, they may still face roadblocks to becoming financially independent. There are five main reasons why financially literate people may still not develop abundant asset columns. Asset columns that could produce large sums of cash flow. Asset columns that could free them to live the life they dream of, instead of working full time just to pay bills.
|Roberts five reasons are:||Abay’s five reasons are:||Analyses:|
|Fear||First, the ability to preserve human dignity even at the time of great trials ennobles man.||These are things you ought to avoid.|
|Cynism||Second, self-praise and extolling your good points can do you only harm.||Both of them are worse habits|
|Laziness||Third, maliciousness, injuring the self-esteem of others and causing them humiliation breed animosity in turn.||Sloth is the worst enemy of the arts; mediocrity, lack of will power, shamelessness and poverty—all these are born of laziness.|
|Bad habits||sloth and wickedness.||Wickedness is the enemy of humankind: by doing evil to others, man alienates himself from his own kind and becomes like a wild beast.|
Arrogance = ignorance
|ignorance||lack of knowledge, in the absence of which nothing can be achieved; lack of learning makes man no better than the beasts.
Fear-Overcoming the fear of losing money. I have never met anyone who really likes losing money. And in all my years, I have never met a rich person who has never lost money.
But I have met a lot of poor people who have never lost a dime. . .investing, that is.
The fear of losing money is real. Everyone has it. Even the rich. But it’s not fear that is the problem. It’s how you handle fear. It’s how you handle losing. It’s how you handle failure that makes the difference in one’s life. That goes for anything in life, not just money. The primary difference between a rich person and a poor person is how they handle that fear.
It’s OK to be fearful. It’s OK to be a coward when it comes to money. You can still be rich. We’re all heroes at something and cowards at something else. My friend’s wife is an emergency room nurse. When she sees blood, she flies into action. When I mention investing, she runs away. When I see blood, I don’t run. I pass out. My rich dad understood phobias about money.
“Some people are terrified of snakes. Some people are terrified about losing money. Both are phobias,” he would say. So his solution to the phobia of losing money was this little rhyme: “If you hate risk and worry. . .start early.” Reason No. 2. Overcoming cynicism. “The sky is falling. The sky is falling. “What makes you think you can do that?” Or “If it’s such a good idea, how come someone else hasn’t done it?” Or “That will never work. You don’t know what you’re talking about.” These words of doubt often get so loud that we fail to act. A horrible feeling builds in our stomach. Sometimes we can’t sleep. We fail to move forward. So we stay with what is safe and opportunities pass us by. We watch life passing by as we sit immobilized with a cold knot in our body. We have all felt this at one time in our lives, some more than others.
Reason No. 3. Laziness. Busy people are often the most lazy. We have all heard stories of a businessman who works hard to earn money. He works hard to be a good provider for his wife and children. He spends long hours at the office and brings work home on weekends. One day he comes home to an empty house. His wife has left with the kids. He knew he and his wife had problems, but rather than work to make the relationship strong, he stayed busy at work.
Dismayed, his performance at work slips and he loses his job. “How can I afford it’” opened up the brain. Forced it to think and search for answers.
But most importantly, he felt the words “I can’t afford it” were a lie. And the human spirit knew it. “The human spirit is very, very, powerful,” he would say. “It knows it can do anything.” By having a lazy mind that says, “I can’t afford it,” a war breaks out inside you. Your spirit is angry, and your lazy mind must defend its lie. The spirit is screaming, “Come on. Let’s go to the gym
and work out.” And the lazy mind says, “But I’m tired. I worked really hard today.” Or the human spirit says, “I’m sick and tired of being poor. Let’s get out there and get rich.” To which the lazy mind says, «Rich people are greedy. Besides it’s too much bother. I pay myself first, I get financially stronger, mentally and
fiscally.” “And if I pay myself last, or not at all, I get weaker. So people like bosses, managers, tax collectors, bill collectors and landlords push me around all my life. Just because I don’t have good money habits.”
Reason No. 5. Arrogance. Arrogance is ego plus ignorance. If your soul is pure, observation of the holy rites will reflect your spiritual life, and outward orderliness will but adorn and ennoble your faith. Is it not for this reason that the wise men have said that there is but one faith, that it is hallowed by great patience, and that without your restraint it tarnishes or may even be doomed to perdition. This has been said lest the ignorant, concerned about outward rites alone, should forget about the main goal: faith.
I have reason to believe that the ignorant are convinced it is enough to perform the obligatory rites to be considered Muslims. But this is not so, for the rites are only the guardians of faith. But what good is a guard who just wakes people up but is not concerned about the safety and preservation of a precious object he is in charge of? To find million-dollar “deals of a lifetime” requires us to call on our financial genius. I believe that each of us has a financial genius within us. The problem is, our financial genius lies asleep,
waiting to be called upon. It lies asleep because our culture has educated us into believing that the love of money is the root of all evil. It has encouraged us to learn a profession so we can work for money, but failed to teach us how to have money work for us. It taught us not to worry about our financial future, our company or the government would take care of us when our working days are over. However, it is our children, educated in the same school system, who
will end up paying for it. The message is still to work hard, earn money and spend it, and when we run short, we can always borrow more. I offer you the following ten steps as a process to develop your God-given powers. Powers only you have control over.
- I NEED A REASON GREATER THAN REALITY: The power of spirit. If you ask most people if they would like to be rich or financially free, they would say “yes.” But then reality sets in. The road seems too long with too many hills to climb. It’s easier to just work for money and hand the excess over to your broker. I once met a young woman who had dreams of swimming for the U.S Olympic team. The reality was, she had to get up every morning at 4 a.m. to swim for three hours before going to school. She did not party with her friends on Saturday night.
She had to study and keep her grades up, just like everyone else. As I said, I wish I could say it was easy. It wasn’t, but it wasn’t hard either. But without a strong
reason or purpose, anything in life is hard.
IF YOU DO NOT HAVE A STRONG REASON, THERE IS NO SENSE READING FURTHER. IT WILL SOUND LIKE TOO MUCH WORK.
- I CHOOSE DAILY: The power of choice. That is the main reason people want to live in a free country. We want the power to choose.
INVEST FIRST IN EDUCATION: In reality, the only real asset you have is your mind, the most powerful tool we have dominion over. Just as I said about the power of choice, each of us has the choice of what we put in our brain once we’re old enough. You can watch MTV all day, or read golf magazines, or go to ceramics class or a class on financial planning. You choose. Most people simply buy investments rather than first invest in learning about investing 3. CHOOSE FRIENDS CAREFULLY: The power of association. First of all, I do not choose my friends by their financial statements. I have friends who have actually taken the vow of poverty as well as friends who earn millions every year. The point is I learn from all of them, and I consciously make the effort to learn from them.
A WARNING: Don’t listen to poor or frightened people. A false friend is like a shadow: when the sun shines on you, you can’t get rid of him, but when clouds gather over you, he is nowhere to be seen.[1:93]
- MASTER A FORMULA AND THEN LEARN A NEW ONE: The power of learning quickly. In order to make bread, every baker follows a recipe, even if it’s only held in their head. The same is true for making money. That’s why money is often called “dough.” Most of us have heard the saying “You are what you eat.” I have a different slant on the same saying. I say, “You become what you study.” In other words, be careful what you study and learn, because your mind is so powerful that you become what you put in your head. For example, if you study cooking, you then tend to cook. You become a cook. If you don’t want to
be a cook anymore, then you need to study something else. Let’s say, a schoolteacher. After studying teaching, you often become a teacher. And so on. Choose what you study carefully. 5. PAY YOURSELF FIRST: The power of self-discipline. If you cannot get control of yourself, do not try to get rich. You might first want to join the Marine Corps or some religious order so you can get control of yourself. It makes no sense to invest, make money and blow it. It is the
lack of self-discipline that causes most lottery winners to go broke soon after winning millions. It is the lack of self-discipline that causes people who get a raise to immediately go out and buy a new car or take a cruise. [2;105] The three most important management skills necessary to start your own business are:
- Management of cash flow. «driving element».
- Management of people. «sensibility of the heart».
- Management of personal time. «attractive force of the like».
The power of the human soul possesses three special properties which must be treasured and cherished, for without them a man becomes an animal.
Everything that is gained by work and lies outside you is called wealth. Unless you know all the problems and details of managing a household, you will find it hard to keep your goods. But it is equally hard to keep the spiritual wealth that you have gained—intelligence and learning, which, incidentally, may cause considerable harm as well. Not knowing of that and losing your vigilance, you may easily forfeit what has been acquired.
1 “Book of words”//Printed in printing house of El Bureau. Almaty// Translated by Richard McKane and David Aitkyn 1995 138p
- “Rich dad, poor dad”// Warner Books Ed//by Robert Kiyosaki and Sharon Lechter 2000 207p
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Сарсикеева Г.К., Байоразова Ж.К.
Евразийский национальный университет имени Л.Н.Гумилева Астана, Казахстан
Сравнительно-сопоставительный анализ «Книги слов» Абая и Роберта Киосаки «Богатый папа-Бедный папа» на английском языке
Аннотация. Две духовно богатые писатели направляют народ в правильное русло. Абай «Слова назидания» — духовное наследие казахского народа. В статье представлены способы перевода произведения Абая Кунанбаева «Слова назидания» на английском языке. Определены методы в столбике показано сравнительный и сопоставительный анализ перевода. Роберт открыл тайну денег и притяжении богатства. Абай-поэт в родной среде, в казахском обществе, во внутреннем мире, раскрыл тайну сердец, взаимопонимание и духовную связь.
Ключевые слова: Книга слов, наследие, характер людей, перевод.
Sarsikeуeva G.K., Baiorazova Zh.K.
Eurasian National University named E.N.Gumilev, Astana, Kazakhstan
Сomparative analyses Abay’s “Book of words” and Roberts “Rich dad, poor dad” books
Resume. The article is devoted to the study Abay’s “Book of words”. The proposed methods of sentences, comparative and contrastive analyses of translation. «Words of edification» is a noble heritage of the Kazakh people. Definitely this magic on scholars. “Rich dad, poor dad” by Robert Kiyosaki the real image of these ethnic people, its existence only in language, through language, stored in the memory of generations. In the searching Kazakh and English languages Gaklya tasdikh and Rich Dads acts are really important. Hakim wrotes himself the relationship in society with the outside world, about the soul, heart, joy and love, resentment and smile, neatness and diligence, knowledge and tastes, self-esteem of all phenomena-all that knows, all in all that in the “Book of words” found patterns, and it clearly pointed to the tender roots of communication.
Key words: Book of words, heritage, characters, translation.
- “Book of words”//Printed in printing house of El Bureau. Almaty// Translated by Richard McKane and David Aitkyn 1995 138p
- “Rich dad, poor dad”// Warner Books Ed//by Robert Kiyosaki and Sharon Lechter 2000 207p